Types archaeology dating
Temper is a material foreign to the clay which is added to help prevent the vessel from cracking or breaking during the drying and firing processes.
Common Pennsylvania tempers include chert, quartz, limestone, shell and more.
This framework is based on changes in the shape, size, and manufacturing techniques of projectile points (spear points and arrowheads) over time- changes that are known by the dating of projectile points from excavated contexts.
We are in the final stages of processing the 2015 Fort Hunter collection and have begun to inventory the artifacts.
As described in our Processing the Fort Hunter Collection blog the inventory process includes, “adding a description of each artifact or group of like artifacts into the digital inventory by catalog number, and bag and box them carefully to insure their preservation for long-term curation.
We will take a look at some of these techniques here.
After years of research through historical documentation and through precise data collection from well stratified and dated archaeological sites, archaeologists have developed typologies for several different categories of artifacts such as ceramics, pipe stems, bead, projectile points and more.